Al Fatihah - the Essence of Quranic Teachings

Hudhur said Surah Fatiha is a Surah that is read in every Salat. Ahadith relate many names given to this Surah, one of which is Surah Salat. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said that God states that He has divided Surah Fatiha half and half between Him and His servants. The first half cites God’s attributes and the second half is comprised of prayers for His servants. Hudhur said each person offering Salat should ponder and reflect on the Divine attributes cited in the Surah to gain greater benefit and should also say the prayers therein with concentration to gain beneficence in every unit of every Prayer.

It should also be remembered that this Surah has a great significance with reference to the current age as cited in old scriptures, indicating its benefits in the time of the Promised Messiah and its safeguards against being misguided. In this respect, today it should have vast importance for the Muslims, but unfortunately the so-called religious leaders have influenced them to such an extent that they have lost the capacity to ponder and the majority is not prepared to reflect and deliberate. With the grace of God there are also a number of people who do reflect and understand the need of a Messiah. While those who are influenced by the mullah are heading towards evil and errability, those Muslims who genuinely care say that in this time of wickedness, shirk (associating partners with Allah) and errability a special person of God is needed to put an end to it. They should go ahead and search for this person, for he has indeed come. That special person of God has come but due to their fear of the mullah, people are not prepared to accept him. They should seek guidance from God and give up their obstinacy. Hudhur said our task is to take the message and we shall continue to do that. Likewise, those of us who associate ourselves to this true and ardent devotee of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) should try and increase our awareness and spiritual knowledge. We should try and seek the beneficence of the subject of Surah Al Fatiha. In light of the way the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) has elucidated this subject, it is our responsibility to try and understand it so that we can inculcate it in ourselves and seek its beneficence.

Hudhur said today he will expound the second verse of the Surah: ‘All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds.’ (1:2) The Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) has elucidated different subjects inherent in this verse in different ways and Hudhur said he would present a few aspects from the spiritual treasure. Without doubt reading and listening to them increases one’s spiritual knowledge but one cannot reach the profound meanings of these writings by listening to them once. It is also important to study them. Then alone will we acquire a correct insight into the writings of the Imam of the age and will be able to benefit from them.

The Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) briefly explains the verse ‘All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all the worlds’ as follows:

‘All praise is due to the Rightfully Worshipped Being, Who combines in Himself the aggregate of all Perfect excellences and whose name is Allah. All perfect excellence belongs to Allah.

In the language of the Noble Quran, Allah is that Perfect Being Who is rightfully adored, combining in Himself all perfect attributes, and free from every defect, the One without associate and the Source of all beneficence; for, Allah, the Exalted, has, in His Holy word, the Noble Quran, made His name Allah comprehensive of all His other names and attributes and has not accorded that status to any other name. Therefore, the name Allah has primacy over all the other names of which it is comprehensive. Since it is the aggregate of all names and attributes, it combines in itself all the Perfect qualities. The meaning of Alhamdu lillahe then is that every type of praise, whether relating to external aspects or internal realities, whether relating to inherent excellences or as manifested in natural phenomena, is due exclusively to Allah. No other shares in it. Whatever true praise or perfect excellence the wisdom of the wise can imagine or the minds of thinkers can contemplate belong to Allah the Supreme. There is no excellence of which sane reason can contemplate the possibility but which Allah lacks. In other words, reason is not able to conceive of any excellence which is not comprehended among Divine attributes. He has all the excellences that any one can imagine and He is Perfect in His Being, in His attributes and qualities, in every respect and is totally free from every defect and shortcoming.’ (Baraheen Ahmadiyyah, Vol. IV, pp. 364-365, Footnote 11 – The Commentary on the Holy Qur’an, Vol. I, Page 71)

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